Fraida Dubin and Elite Olshtain provide a useful overview of course design principles in their 1986 book on the subject.

  1. Concept: has it already been done well? Is it needed?
  2. Definition: what will be included?
  3. Objectives: what are the actual needs and goals of the target audience?
  4. Congruence: will the course plan fit with a given syllabus or curriculum?
  5. Voice: whose voices will be in the text and whom will they address?
  6. Teachers: who will have the most control and how much scope will there be for improvisation?
  7. Learners: how much responsibility will learners have and will the course match their cultural expectations and learning styles? How much freedom and risk will be encouraged?
  8. Point of view: how neutral or universal should the text, language and material be (e.g. in terms of age, sex, class etc.)?
  9. Inventiveness: what will be the balance netween internal structure/progression and adaptability/selection?
  10. Skills: how will language skills be integrated with structures, themes, situations, functions etc.?
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